Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory Authority
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Entitlements
 
The term Entitlement means an Authorization either by MWRRA or a RBA to use water. The MWRRA Act, 2005, has mandated MWRRA to determine the distribution of entitlements for various Categories of Use and to ensure equitable distribution within each Category of Use. The three main Categories of Use are domestic water supply, industrial water supply and irrigation.
 
1. Provisions in the Act:
The MWRRA is authorized to fix, regulate and enforce entitlements as per the following sections of the MWRRA Act, Chapter III.
 
Section 11 (a) : to determine the distribution of Entitlements for various Categories of Use and the equitable distribution of Entitlements of water within each Category of Use on such terms and conditions as may be prescribed
Section 11 (c) : to determine the priority of equitable distribution of water available at the water resource project, sub-basin and river basin levels during periods of scarcity
Section 11 (o) : to establish a system of enforcement, monitoring and measurement of the Entitlements for the use of water that will ensure that the actual use of water, both in quantity and type of use are in compliance with the Entitlements as issued by the Authority;
Also see sections 11 (j) through 11 (p) for further details.
 
2. Important Definitions:
 
Sanctioned Water Use Entitlement: in relation to an Agreement with Water Users' Associations on a reservoir based canal system means, the total volume of water guaranteed to be supplied to the Water Users' Association, at the agreed point of supply, in different seasons, in a Normal Year (hyperlink to glossary).
 
Applicable Water Entitlement: in relation to a reservoir supported canal system, means the total volume of water guaranteed to be supplied to a Water Users' Association at the agreed point of supply, in any year arrived at according to the rules made under this Act by the Appropriate Authority and in the case of Minor Irrigation Projects having only one Water Users’ Association, available water for irrigation at Canal Head.
 
Prescribed Unit Water Entitlements: in relation to a reservoir based canal system means the total volume of water available in an irrigation year or season per hectare of Culturable Command Area (CCA) (hyperlink to glossary) at the point of supply to the Water Users Association, arrived at after considering prior sanction for non irrigation purposes and all losses and gains from the canal system in a normal year.
 
Quota: in relation to a reservoir supported canal system means the total volume of water guaranteed to be supplied to a Water Users Association at the agreed point of supply in any irrigation year or season derived according to the rules made under this Act by the Prescribed Authority and in case of minor irrigation projects having only one Water Users Association, available water for irrigation at Canal Head.
 
Allocation: in respect of a member of an irrigation Water Users Association means the portion of the seasonal or annual Entitlement determined for the Association by the River Basin Agency / Prescribed Authority allocable to the member and is arrived at by multiplying the Prescribed Unit Water Use Entitlement by the member's holding.
 
Bulk water entitlements: means the volumetric entitlement for a share of the surface water resources produced by a project / river system / storage facility, for a specific category and deliverable within a specific period of time as specifically provided in the order granting the Entitlement.
 
Aggregate Water Entitlement: Aggregate Water Entitlement in the case of Irrigation is sum total of Entitlements issued to Water User Associations at distributary / branch / main canal level and in case of non irrigation is sum of Entitlements issued to various water user Entities like drinking water/ Industrial water. Irrigation Aggregate Water Entitlement can also include non irrigation Entitlements if it is hydraulically possible to make the supplies from a common point.
 
Individual Water Entitlement: means any authorization by the Prescribed Authority to use the water other than Bulk Water Entitlement of an Aggregate Bulk Water Entitlement.
 
Water User Association (WUA): means a water user association formed at the minor level or above, which represents the users of irrigation water from that segment of any project, canal or natural flow or storage system.
 
3. Procedure for Prescribing, Enforcing, Regulating and Monitoring Entitlements for Pilot Projects
 
Since the concept of entitlements is introduced in Maharashtra for the first time in the Indian Water Sector, it is proposed to proceed in an incremental manner. Hence, initially, entitlements will practised on 6 pilot projects in Krishna Valley in the year 2006-07. Lessons from these pilots will be extended to an additional 14 projects in 2007-08 and an additional 100 minor irrigation projects in the year 2008-09.

The procedure for Prescribing, Enforcing, Regulating and Monitoring Entitlements for Pilot Projects is enumerated below.
 
Prerequisites
 
  A WUA should be constituted at the minor level as per the provisions in the MMISF Act
  MWRRA, in consultation with the field officer, should identify a WUA at the minor level.
  Measuring devices at the head of the minor should be installed and calibrated.
 
Determination of Entitlements
 

  The RBA informs the WUAs about the applicable water entitlements.
  MWRRA will work out sanctioned water use entitlements for a normal year and inform RBA. The entitlements for Rabi and the hot weather season will be worked out as per Annexure 2 for each category of use, while the entitlements for Kharif season will be worked out as per Annexure 1.
  For Rabi Season: Once the sanctioned water use entitlements have been fixed by MWRRA, it is the responsibility of the RBA to determine the prescribed unit water use entitlements and the applicable water use entitlements based on the actual water available for a given project in any given irrigation year, starting on the 15th of Oct.
 
Enforcing, Regulating and Monitoring the Entitlements
 
  The WUA invites applications for irrigation water requirement from its members.
  Based on indents received, and the applicable water entitlement, the WUA informs the irrigation department in a joint meeting about the number of rotations, probable dates and quantum per rotation etc.
  The irrigation department is responsible for supplying water to the WUAs at the measuring device as per the rotation programme.
  WUA is responsible for the internal distribution of water to its members as per Section 52 of the MMISF Act
  Applicable water entitlements will be received by the concerned WUA from the above mentioned measuring devices.
  The Gauge Officer shall take daily readings as stipulated in Annexure 4 of the Technical Manual for Fixing, Regulating and Enforcing Entitlements in Irrigation Projects and record it in the gauge field book of water use.
  The Gauge Register will be given to the concerned WUA and will also be signed by them in token of confirmation of delivery of due supplies as proposed in Annexure 4 of the Technical Manual.
  The Authority shall also identify one officer in each project, at appropriate level, as a regulator, to test check on the delivery of entitlements in each rotation. Accordingly, the Regulator will enter his remarks in Annexure 5 of the manual.
  The irrigation department is also responsible for informing the RBA and MWRRA about the rotation programme and withdrawals.
 
Determination of Entitlement for Hot Weather Season
 
  At the end of Rabi, the RBA reworks the hot weather season entitlements based upon actual water availability and its adequacy to cater to the demand.
  The entitlements for hot weather season are similarly worked out and the same procedure is followed.;


 
Entitlements Register
 
i. Table of Entitlements (Rabi & H.W): 2006-2007

ii. Table of Entitlements (Rabi & H.W): 2007-2008
 
 
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